The Humans That Lived Before Us

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  • Published: 30 January 2019
  • As more and more fossil ancestors have been found, our genus has become more and more inclusive, incorporating more members that look less like us, Homo sapiens. By getting to know these other hominins--the ones who came before us--we can start to answer some big questions about what it essentially means to be human.

    Thanks as always to Nobu Tamura for allowing us to use his wonderful paleoart: spinops.blogspot.com/

    Thanks to Julio Lacerda and Studio 252mya for the hominin illustrations. You can find more of Julio's work here: 252mya.com/gallery/julio-lacerda

    Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios: office-2016.info/user/pbsdigitalstudios

    Super special thanks to the following Patreon patrons for helping make Eons possible:

    Katie Fichtner, Anthony Callaghan, Renzo Caimi Ordenes, John Vanek, Neil H. Gray, Marilyn Wolmart, Esmeralda Rupp-Spangle, Gregory Donovan, Ehit Dinesh Agarwal, الخليفي سلطان , Gabriel Cortez, Marcus Lejon, Robert Arévalo, Robert Hill, Kelby Reid, Todd Dittman, Betsy Radley, PS, Colin Sylvester, Philip Slingerland, Jose Garcia, Eric Vonk, Tony Wamsley, Henrik Peteri, Jonathan Wright, Jon Monteiro, James Bording, Brad Nicholls, Miles Chaston, Michael McClellan, Jeff Graham, Maria Humphrey, Nathan Paskett, Connor Jensen, Daisuke Goto, Hubert Rady, Yuntao Zhou, Gregory Kintz, Tyson Cleary, Chandler Bass, Maly Lor, Joao Ascensao, Tsee Lee, Sarah Fritts, Ruben Winter, Ron Harvey Jr, Jacob Gerke, Alex Yan

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    References:
    humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/species/australopithecus-sediba
    humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/species/homo-rudolfensis
    humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/species/homo-erectus
    humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/species/homo-habilis
    humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/fossils/knm-er-1813
    humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/fossils/knm-er-1470
    humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/behavior/footprints/laetoli-footprint-trails
    humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/fossils/al-288-1
    australianmuseum.net.au/learn/science/human-evolution/homo-ergaster/
    earthmagazine.org/article/redefining-homo-does-our-family-tree-need-more-branches
    medium.com/@johnhawks/the-plot-to-kill-homo-habilis-94a33bee2adf
    Antón, S. C., Potts, R., & Aiello, L. C. (2014). Evolution of early Homo: an integrated biological perspective. Science, 345(6192), 1236828.
    Gibbons, A. (2015). Deep roots for the genus Homo.
    Haile-Selassie, Y., Latimer, B. M., Alene, M., Deino, A. L., Gibert, L., Melillo, S. M., ... & Lovejoy, C. O. (2010). An early Australopithecus afarensis postcranium from Woranso-Mille, Ethiopia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 107(27), 12121-12126.
    Leakey, L. S., Tobias, P. V., & Napier, J. R. (1964). A new species of the genus Homo from Olduvai Gorge.
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    Susman, R. L. (1994). Fossil evidence for early hominid tool use. Science, 265(5178), 1570-1573.
    Villmoare, B., Kimbel, W. H., Seyoum, C., Campisano, C. J., DiMaggio, E. N., Rowan, J., ... & Reed, K. E. (2015). Early Homo at 2.8 Ma from Ledi-Geraru, Afar, Ethiopia. Science, 347(6228), 1352-1355.
    Wood, B. (1992). Origin and evolution of the genus Homo. Nature, 355(6363), 783.
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    Wood, B., & Collard, M. (1999). The human genus. Science, 284(5411), 65-71.
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