When Antarctica Was Green

  • Published: 04 October 2019
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    Before the start of the Eocene Epoch about 56 million years ago--Antarctica was still joined to both Australia and South America. And it turns out that a lot of what we recognize about the southern hemisphere can be traced back to that time when Antarctica was green.

    Check out Crash Course: AI: office-2016.info/user/watch?v=a0_lo_GDcFw&list=PL8dPuuaLjXtO65LeD2p4_Sb5XQ51par_b&index=2

    Thanks to Ceri Thomas for the Notiolofos and Antarctodon illustrations! Check out more of Ceri's paleoart at alphynix.tumblr.com

    And thanks to Julio Lacerda and Studio 252mya for the Antarctodolops illustrations. You can find more of their work here: 252mya.com/julio-lacerda

    And thanks to John Long for allowing us to use of images of Devonian plants from his paper with S. McLoughlin: cambridge.org/core/journals/geological-magazine/article/new-records-of-devonian-plants-from-southern-victoria-land-antarctica/012522677CB38AC05C9F457CF287BA41

    Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios: office-2016.info/user/pbsdigitalstudios

    Super special thanks to the following Patreon patrons for helping make Eons possible:
    Katie Fichtner, Anthony Callaghan, Jack Arbuckle, David Sewall, Anton Bryl, Ben Thorson, Andrey, MissyElliottSmith, The Scintillating Spencer, Zachary Spencer, Stefan Weber, Ilya Murashov, Robert Amling, Po Foon Kwong, Larry Wilson, Merri Snaidman, John Vanek, Neil H. Gray, Esmeralda Rupp-Spangle, Gregory Donovan, Gabriel Cortez, Marcus Lejon, Robert Arévalo
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    References: docs.google.com/document/d/1sazFo3OXE4kzsBJjX6EStUZIK-ye4M86v1p21db4HQI/edit?usp=sharing
  • Science and Technology Science and Technology

Comments • 1 653

  • Ross
    Ross  36 less than a minute back

    Science! i love it.

    • myUserName
      myUserName  3 hours back

      AnTartica!!! Not AntArtica

      • Selena Cruz
        Selena Cruz  8 hours back

        I get terrible grades and I dislike school strongly but I enjoy watching videos like these because I learn so much. I should be doing my homework but I'd much rather watch this lol

        • teresa duffy
          teresa duffy  10 hours back

          Every time this chick says ANT articka I think she's.gonna mention her uncle next. Go back and listen..
          I know its not a big deal, but every.single time she says it it grows larger and more painful in my.brain!
          Cannot make it thru this whole thing

          • scrubby Bard
            scrubby Bard  1 days back

            Ant Artica

            • Exotic Ants
              Exotic Ants  1 days back

              How did Antarctica get penguins and leopard seals then?

              • R N Jesus
                R N Jesus  1 days back

                WEST ANTARCTICA?? There should only be central and northern Antarctica.

                • kfm908
                  kfm908  1 days back

                  You are being fooled.Research it .Governments won't let people go there Antarctica has warm locations on it today with several kinds of animals.Byrd saw them!

                  • videonaj
                    videonaj  2 days back

                    But but global warming will destroy the earth... hang on, the world didn't blow up when the Antarctic was warm...

                    • olenraks
                      olenraks  2 days back

                      I blame prehistoric humans and their CO emissions for this.

                      • Whose Money
                        Whose Money  2 days back

                        How scientists gathered all of this information is absolutely incredible

                        • Trip Derham
                          Trip Derham  2 days back

                          I've never even heard of Antartica

                          • ILIEKDIN0SAURS
                            ILIEKDIN0SAURS  2 days back

                            So were there people 50 million years a go to cause that global warming, or what?

                            • GarGarComedy
                              GarGarComedy  13 hours back

                              5 to 8 degrees over 250000 yrs she said: humans will achieve this in couple hundred.

                          • Lumberjack king the great

                            They didn't even mention the peinquins

                            • Lumberjack king the great

                              They didn't even mention the peinquins

                              • Richard Vazquez
                                Richard Vazquez  2 days back

                                Lost me with that metric system

                                • Markus Nävergård
                                  Markus Nävergård  3 days back

                                  and before the eocene, dinosaurs roamed Antartica

                                  • Christian Pauchet
                                    Christian Pauchet  3 days back

                                    Just imagine the fossil record Antartica must have underneath all that ice... well... we'll soon find out the way things are changing.

                                    • jonathan silvestre
                                      jonathan silvestre  3 days back

                                      How about the science bahind Mariah Carey's vocals? 😍

                                      • Justin Bannister
                                        Justin Bannister  3 days back

                                        informative! love the tattoo as well!

                                        • Tony Hankins
                                          Tony Hankins  3 days back

                                          See the earth heats and freezes with or without us. its all apart of the plan.

                                          • Tony Hankins
                                            Tony Hankins  12 hours back

                                            @GarGarComedy yes my point is we are not the main reason the earth is heating up. that's not me saying we shouldn't take care of the earth.

                                          • GarGarComedy
                                            GarGarComedy  13 hours back

                                            It's defo heating with us. And getting far more polluted with plastic, Air pollution etc

                                        • Jack
                                          Jack  3 days back

                                          You forgot about Elder Things and Shoggoths...

                                          • Moemuggy
                                            Moemuggy  4 days back

                                            Earth broke away from Saturn's orbit, then expanded to nearly its present size. Then Along Came Venus, and knocked Earth off its axis by 23 1/2 degrees. It wasn't long ago Antarctica was Ice free. We know this because of the piri Reis map among others.

                                            • John Dough
                                              John Dough  5 days back

                                              Antarctica froze because their automobile industry failed and they couldn’t maintain the earth’s warm global temperature.

                                              • coal james
                                                coal james  5 days back

                                                Why is Zealandia shown as the same size as newzealand is now?, back then it was a huge continent separate from Australia and not underwater.

                                                • Erik Hasler
                                                  Erik Hasler  5 days back

                                                  What does "Western Antarctica" mean?

                                                  • Jana Dixon
                                                    Jana Dixon  5 days back

                                                    250 mya the earth was 1/3 the size and all continents were joined together prior to the final asteroid hit that cracked the crust enough for the earth to grow and the oceans to expand. See Neil Adam's growing earth theory on youtube.

                                                    • Adventure stateofmind
                                                      Adventure stateofmind  7 days back

                                                      damn that global warming thing...

                                                      • The Great Green Bus - Skoolie Life

                                                        Lol...why all the cartoons? Cartoons + actors with "just so stories" = Science 🤣

                                                        • Jose Gutierrez
                                                          Jose Gutierrez  1 weeks back

                                                          lets makes Antarctica green again

                                                          • William Grosbach
                                                            William Grosbach  1 weeks back

                                                            What's this Antartica the narrator's talking about?

                                                          • Ponch On the 1s and 2s
                                                            Ponch On the 1s and 2s  1 weeks back

                                                            Not to say that global warming is not real cause it is and we’re not helping it but again it’s obvious that the earth has its own agenda way before humans created power plants and the like .

                                                            • KingCosworth
                                                              KingCosworth  1 weeks back

                                                              Remind me again how a 1deg change will destroy the planet???

                                                              • simar chauhan
                                                                simar chauhan  1 weeks back

                                                                So when Antarctica becomes green after the glaciers melt, it can become green again and people can settle there?

                                                              • Kody Tiffany
                                                                Kody Tiffany  1 weeks back

                                                                First I heard of that wicked Current. Man I feel stupid now; I always thought that Antarctica was just that cold due to location since the North Ice cap is a thing I thought that it was a place with nearly no land mass below the ice.
                                                                Lack of Metropolises makes it somewhere I would not want to explore, so never looked into it.
                                                                I mean I think of Australia as a beautiful death trap, and I still want to explore it more than Antarctica despite me hating the heat/poison/bugs there... never really heard of any bad for the peoples living there at least.
                                                                I may prefer the cold... but endless white expanse and/or claustrophobic housing makes Antarctica unappealing though.

                                                                • Almost Contrary
                                                                  Almost Contrary  1 weeks back

                                                                  Great educational video

                                                                  • Dick Dick
                                                                    Dick Dick  1 weeks back

                                                                    Lots of fancy words in this video. I like it.

                                                                    • MachineThatCreates
                                                                      MachineThatCreates  1 weeks back

                                                                      Wow.... you learn something new every day. I always thought Gandwanaland came via SE Asia and the Aboriginals with it. Now it appears that isn't so which means they came from.... Antarctica??🌴

                                                                      • Eduardo Santa Cruz
                                                                        Eduardo Santa Cruz  1 weeks back

                                                                        Imagine dating this girl, how many things you can talk with her for hours!

                                                                        • Diego The Realezt
                                                                          Diego The Realezt  2 weeks back

                                                                          It’s almost 2020 and they still haven’t found Megtron below antartica. Smh! I’m so disappointed.

                                                                          • peter papadimitriou
                                                                            peter papadimitriou  2 weeks back

                                                                            Interesting video

                                                                            • youtube joseph wm
                                                                              youtube joseph wm  2 weeks back

                                                                              Antarctica doesn’t have land mammals today but it did in the past and could in the future again

                                                                              • Jerry Sumner
                                                                                Jerry Sumner  2 weeks back

                                                                                Excellent! Totally fascinated with Yellowstone.

                                                                                • Richard Jafrate
                                                                                  Richard Jafrate  2 weeks back

                                                                                  Failed to mention that more CO2 dissolves in cold water than in warm water and also that changes in CO2 levels lag temperature changes by a half millennium or so.

                                                                                  • mike dar
                                                                                    mike dar  2 weeks back

                                                                                    If people lived for a million years, they would now be screaming 'Tectonic Plate Change'''''', '''we have to move everything because humans are affecting Tectonic Plates!!!!!!!!'.

                                                                                    • dren %
                                                                                      dren %  2 weeks back

                                                                                      Antarctica has been part of China since ancient times

                                                                                      • Masooma Batista
                                                                                        Masooma Batista  2 weeks back

                                                                                        You never disappoint. You keep this mind blown.

                                                                                        • Emilia Barc
                                                                                          Emilia Barc  2 weeks back

                                                                                          Thank you for the amazing content and great presentation !! <3