When Antarctica Was Green

  • Published: 04 October 2019
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    Before the start of the Eocene Epoch about 56 million years ago--Antarctica was still joined to both Australia and South America. And it turns out that a lot of what we recognize about the southern hemisphere can be traced back to that time when Antarctica was green.

    Check out Crash Course: AI: office-2016.info/user/watch?v=a0_lo_GDcFw&list=PL8dPuuaLjXtO65LeD2p4_Sb5XQ51par_b&index=2

    Thanks to Ceri Thomas for the Notiolofos and Antarctodon illustrations! Check out more of Ceri's paleoart at alphynix.tumblr.com

    And thanks to Julio Lacerda and Studio 252mya for the Antarctodolops illustrations. You can find more of their work here: 252mya.com/julio-lacerda

    And thanks to John Long for allowing us to use of images of Devonian plants from his paper with S. McLoughlin: cambridge.org/core/journals/geological-magazine/article/new-records-of-devonian-plants-from-southern-victoria-land-antarctica/012522677CB38AC05C9F457CF287BA41

    Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios: office-2016.info/user/pbsdigitalstudios

    Super special thanks to the following Patreon patrons for helping make Eons possible:
    Katie Fichtner, Anthony Callaghan, Jack Arbuckle, David Sewall, Anton Bryl, Ben Thorson, Andrey, MissyElliottSmith, The Scintillating Spencer, Zachary Spencer, Stefan Weber, Ilya Murashov, Robert Amling, Po Foon Kwong, Larry Wilson, Merri Snaidman, John Vanek, Neil H. Gray, Esmeralda Rupp-Spangle, Gregory Donovan, Gabriel Cortez, Marcus Lejon, Robert Arévalo
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    References: docs.google.com/document/d/1sazFo3OXE4kzsBJjX6EStUZIK-ye4M86v1p21db4HQI/edit?usp=sharing
  • Science and Technology Science and Technology

Comments • 1 669

  • chris mcguire
    chris mcguire  21 hours back


    • Johnny Hawkins
      Johnny Hawkins  22 hours back

      I can dig it!

      • Mike H
        Mike H  23 hours back

        MAGA: Make Antarctica Green Again.

        • Jak świat się kręci.

          Im sure it was all becouse of humans emiting that evil co2 that is cause of all evil !
          Lets tax everyone to the ground to stop co2 !!

          • missmcinnes
            missmcinnes  2 days back


            • L H
              L H  3 days back

              Let's reheat this and fill it with possums.

              • Leo Velli
                Leo Velli  3 days back

                Wait, kangaroos aren’t mammals, they’re marsupials! I wouldnt have thought a channel like this would make a simple mistake like that lol

                • Katie Rae
                  Katie Rae  3 days back

                  She has got a nice set on her

                  • Elisa 3rth
                    Elisa 3rth  3 days back

                    I wonder why 409 people disliked the video ,really??? 🤔... this channel make amazing videos even my kids are fans of the channel.. 😎✌

                    • HypnoCriticalz
                      HypnoCriticalz  3 days back

                      Let's bring antartica to greener land!

                      • Seneir Bello
                        Seneir Bello  4 days back

                        Make Antarctica great again. 👌👌👌

                        • Wilkse1
                          Wilkse1  4 days back

                          It's Pronounced Wilkes not Wilkeys... Being its my last name i have some inside information

                          • rose smith
                            rose smith  5 days back

                            I just read that if all the ice in green land melted the land would rebound about 2000 feet.I wonder how much anartica would reboundif the ice melted off of it? it has over a mile high ice sheet on it, (not counting the other ice in the the waters around it) I wonder how much a mile high ice sheet on anartica weighs compared to the land it sits on?

                            • Ross
                              Ross  5 days back

                              Science! i love it.

                              • Selena Cruz
                                Selena Cruz  6 days back

                                I get terrible grades and I dislike school strongly but I enjoy watching videos like these because I learn so much. I should be doing my homework but I'd much rather watch this lol

                                • Exotic Ants
                                  Exotic Ants  6 days back

                                  How did Antarctica get penguins and leopard seals then?

                                  • R N Jesus
                                    R N Jesus  7 days back

                                    WEST ANTARCTICA?? There should only be central and northern Antarctica.

                                    • videonaj
                                      videonaj  7 days back

                                      But but global warming will destroy the earth... hang on, the world didn't blow up when the Antarctic was warm...

                                      • olenraks
                                        olenraks  1 weeks back

                                        I blame prehistoric humans and their CO emissions for this.

                                        • Whose Money
                                          Whose Money  1 weeks back

                                          How scientists gathered all of this information is absolutely incredible

                                          • ILIEKDIN0SAURS
                                            ILIEKDIN0SAURS  1 weeks back

                                            So were there people 50 million years a go to cause that global warming, or what?

                                            • GarGarComedy
                                              GarGarComedy  6 days back

                                              5 to 8 degrees over 250000 yrs she said: humans will achieve this in couple hundred.

                                          • Lumberjack king the great

                                            They didn't even mention the peinquins

                                            • Lumberjack king the great

                                              They didn't even mention the peinquins

                                              • Richard Vazquez
                                                Richard Vazquez  1 weeks back

                                                Lost me with that metric system

                                                • Markus Nävergård
                                                  Markus Nävergård  1 weeks back

                                                  and before the eocene, dinosaurs roamed Antartica

                                                  • Christian Pauchet
                                                    Christian Pauchet  1 weeks back

                                                    Just imagine the fossil record Antartica must have underneath all that ice... well... we'll soon find out the way things are changing.

                                                    • jonathan silvestre
                                                      jonathan silvestre  1 weeks back

                                                      How about the science bahind Mariah Carey's vocals? 😍

                                                      • That Canadian Guy
                                                        That Canadian Guy  1 weeks back

                                                        informative! love the tattoo as well!

                                                        • Tony Hankins
                                                          Tony Hankins  1 weeks back

                                                          See the earth heats and freezes with or without us. its all apart of the plan.

                                                          • Tony Hankins
                                                            Tony Hankins  6 days back

                                                            @GarGarComedy yes my point is we are not the main reason the earth is heating up. that's not me saying we shouldn't take care of the earth.

                                                          • GarGarComedy
                                                            GarGarComedy  6 days back

                                                            It's defo heating with us. And getting far more polluted with plastic, Air pollution etc

                                                        • Jack
                                                          Jack  1 weeks back

                                                          You forgot about Elder Things and Shoggoths...

                                                          • Moemuggy
                                                            Moemuggy  1 weeks back

                                                            Earth broke away from Saturn's orbit, then expanded to nearly its present size. Then Along Came Venus, and knocked Earth off its axis by 23 1/2 degrees. It wasn't long ago Antarctica was Ice free. We know this because of the piri Reis map among others.

                                                            • John Dough
                                                              John Dough  1 weeks back

                                                              Antarctica froze because their automobile industry failed and they couldn’t maintain the earth’s warm global temperature.

                                                              • coal james
                                                                coal james  1 weeks back

                                                                Why is Zealandia shown as the same size as newzealand is now?, back then it was a huge continent separate from Australia and not underwater.

                                                                • Erik Hasler
                                                                  Erik Hasler  1 weeks back

                                                                  What does "Western Antarctica" mean?

                                                                  • Jana Dixon
                                                                    Jana Dixon  1 weeks back

                                                                    250 mya the earth was 1/3 the size and all continents were joined together prior to the final asteroid hit that cracked the crust enough for the earth to grow and the oceans to expand. See Neil Adam's growing earth theory on youtube.

                                                                    • Adventure stateofmind
                                                                      Adventure stateofmind  2 weeks back

                                                                      damn that global warming thing...

                                                                      • The Great Green Bus - Skoolie Life

                                                                        Lol...why all the cartoons? Cartoons + actors with "just so stories" = Science 🤣

                                                                        • Jose Gutierrez
                                                                          Jose Gutierrez  2 weeks back

                                                                          lets makes Antarctica green again

                                                                          • William Grosbach
                                                                            William Grosbach  2 weeks back

                                                                            What's this Antartica the narrator's talking about?

                                                                          • Ponch On the 1s and 2s
                                                                            Ponch On the 1s and 2s  2 weeks back

                                                                            Not to say that global warming is not real cause it is and we’re not helping it but again it’s obvious that the earth has its own agenda way before humans created power plants and the like .

                                                                            • KingCosworth
                                                                              KingCosworth  2 weeks back

                                                                              Remind me again how a 1deg change will destroy the planet???

                                                                              • simar chauhan
                                                                                simar chauhan  2 weeks back

                                                                                So when Antarctica becomes green after the glaciers melt, it can become green again and people can settle there?

                                                                              • Kody Tiffany
                                                                                Kody Tiffany  2 weeks back

                                                                                First I heard of that wicked Current. Man I feel stupid now; I always thought that Antarctica was just that cold due to location since the North Ice cap is a thing I thought that it was a place with nearly no land mass below the ice.
                                                                                Lack of Metropolises makes it somewhere I would not want to explore, so never looked into it.
                                                                                I mean I think of Australia as a beautiful death trap, and I still want to explore it more than Antarctica despite me hating the heat/poison/bugs there... never really heard of any bad for the peoples living there at least.
                                                                                I may prefer the cold... but endless white expanse and/or claustrophobic housing makes Antarctica unappealing though.

                                                                                • Almost Contrary
                                                                                  Almost Contrary  2 weeks back

                                                                                  Great educational video

                                                                                  • Dick Dick
                                                                                    Dick Dick  2 weeks back

                                                                                    Lots of fancy words in this video. I like it.

                                                                                    • MachineThatCreates
                                                                                      MachineThatCreates  2 weeks back

                                                                                      Wow.... you learn something new every day. I always thought Gandwanaland came via SE Asia and the Aboriginals with it. Now it appears that isn't so which means they came from.... Antarctica??🌴

                                                                                      • Eduardo Santa Cruz
                                                                                        Eduardo Santa Cruz  2 weeks back

                                                                                        Imagine dating this girl, how many things you can talk with her for hours!

                                                                                        • Diego The Realezt
                                                                                          Diego The Realezt  2 weeks back

                                                                                          It’s almost 2020 and they still haven’t found Megtron below antartica. Smh! I’m so disappointed.